mountain

I
(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
n. hill, peak, elevation, alp, mount. See height.
II
(Roget's IV) modif.
Syn. towering, weighty, steep, isolated, lofty, elevated, plateau, broken, ski-country, snow-capped, above the timber line, above the snow line; see also mountainous .
Ant. level*, flat*, hollow.
n.
1. [A lofty land mass]
Syn. mount, elevation, peak, sierra, butte, hill, alp, range, ridge, pike, bluff, headland, land mass, knap, steeps, palisade, volcano, crater, lava cap, lava plug, tableland, mesa, plateau, height, crag, tor, precipice, cliff, massif, earth mass.
Ant. valley*, ravine, flatland.
Famous chains of mountains include: Alps, Himalayas, Caucasus, Urals, Pyrenees, Ruwenzori, Andes, Rockies, Canadian Rockies, Appalachians, Great Smoky, Blue Ridge, Ozarks, Cascades, Adirondacks, White Mountains, Sierra Nevada, Sierra Madre, Tetons, Cordillera, Apennine, Sentinel Range, Grampian Mountains. Famous mountain peaks include: Mont Blanc, Mt. Etna, Vesuvius, the Matterhorn, Olympus, Pike's Peak, Mt. Whitney, Mt. Shasta, Mt. Washington, Mt. Mitchell, Mt. Rushmore, Mt. Saint Helens, Mt. Rainier, the Jungfrau, Wetterhorn, Dent du Midi, the Grand Teton, Mt. McKinley, Mt. St. Elias, Mt. Logan, Mt. Robson, Krakatoa, Pelee, Citlaltepetl, Cotopaxi, Chimborazo, Popocatepetl, Iztaccihuatl, Mt. Cook, Mt. Everest, Annapurna, Mt. Dhaulagiri, Nanga Parbat, Lhotse, Nupseg, K2, Godwin Austen, Mt. Ushba, Mount of Olives, Mt. Sinai, Fujiyama, Mt. Kenya, Mt. Kilimanjaro.
2. [A pile]
Syn. mass, mound, glob*; see heap .
III
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) n.
peak, alp, mount, summit, pinnacle, highland, elevation, ridge, pike, sea-mount, volcano, butte, mesa, plateau, massif, matterhorn, monadnock, nunatak, uprising, cliff. famous mountains Aetna, Annapurna, Blanc, Everest, Fuji, Godwin Austen (K2), Grand Teton, Hood, Kilamanjaro, Krakatoa, Matterhorn, McKinley, Pelee, Pike's Peak, Rainier, Sinai, St. Helens, Vesuvius, Washington, Whitney. (Ranges) Adirondacks, Alps, Andes, Appalachian, Appenines, Canadian Rockies, Cascades, Caucasus, Himalayas, Karakoram, Pyrenees, Rockies, Sierra Madre, Sierra Nevada, Tetons, Urals, White Mountains. The palaces of nature.''—Lord Byron.
ANT.: valley, dale, dell, crater
WORD FIND
air: rarefied
base: piedmont
bowllike hollow carved by glacier: cirque
chain: cordillera, range, sierra
cloud: banner
crest: areête
descriptive: bell-shaped, flinty, spired
elevation above 4800 ft.: alpine
erosion resistant: monadnock
flat-topped: butte, mesa, plateau
formation: orogeny
frozen fog: rime ice, verglas
glacial ice, surrounded by: nunatak
glow at sunrise/sunset: alpenglow
gully: couloir
humpback: shoulder
lake: tarn
leeward side: rain shadow
low between summits: saddle
needlelike peak: aiguille, matterhorn
nymph: oread
oxygen deprivation: mountain sickness
pass: col, defile
peak: horn, summit
ranges, multiple: cordillera
ridge: areête, hogback, sawback, spur
rounded: knob
rubble: scree, talus
saddle: col
sea: seamount
shadow illusion: specter of the brocken
side: flank
snow collapse: avalanche
steep, weathered rock: crag
study: orography
vestigial nubbin: inselberg
IV
(Roget's Thesaurus II) noun 1. A group of things gathered haphazardly: agglomeration, bank1, cumulus, drift, heap, hill, mass, mess, mound, pile, shock2, stack, tumble. See ORDER. 2. A great deal: abundance, mass, much, plenty, profusion, wealth, world. Informal: barrel, heap, lot, pack, peck2, pile. Regional: power, sight. See BIG.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

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  • mountain — mountain, mount, peak, alp, volcano, mesa denote a relatively steep and high elevation of land. Mountain, the ordinary and inclusive term, varies somewhat in meaning according to locality. In general it designates an elevation higher and steeper… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

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